Saturday, October 29, 2016

LeetCode 445 - Add Two Numbers II


https://leetcode.com/problems/add-two-numbers-ii/
You are given two linked lists representing two non-negative numbers. The most significant digit comes first and each of their nodes contain a single digit. Add the two numbers and return it as a linked list.
You may assume the two numbers do not contain any leading zero, except the number 0 itself.
Follow up:
What if you cannot modify the input lists? In other words, reversing the lists is not allowed.
Example:
Input: (7 -> 2 -> 4 -> 3) + (5 -> 6 -> 4)
Output: 7 -> 8 -> 0 -> 7
https://discuss.leetcode.com/topic/65279/easy-o-n-java-solution-using-stack
    public ListNode addTwoNumbers(ListNode l1, ListNode l2) {
        Stack<Integer> s1 = new Stack<Integer>();
        Stack<Integer> s2 = new Stack<Integer>();
        
        while(l1 != null) {
            s1.push(l1.val);
            l1 = l1.next;
        };
        while(l2 != null) {
            s2.push(l2.val);
            l2 = l2.next;
        }
        
        int sum = 0;
        ListNode list = new ListNode(0);
        while (!s1.empty() || !s2.empty()) {
            if (!s1.empty()) sum += s1.pop();
            if (!s2.empty()) sum += s2.pop();
            list.val = sum % 10;
            ListNode head = new ListNode(sum / 10);
            head.next = list;
            list = head;
            sum /= 10;
        }
        
        return list.val == 0 ? list.next : list;
    }
https://aaronice.gitbooks.io/lintcode/content/linked_list/add_two_numbers_ii.html
    public ListNode reverse(ListNode head) {
        ListNode prev = null;
        while (head != null) {
            ListNode next = head.next;
            head.next = prev;
            prev = head;
            head = next;
        }
        return prev;
    }

    public ListNode addLists(ListNode l1, ListNode l2) {
        if (l1 == null && l2 == null) {
            return null;
        }

        ListNode head = new ListNode(0);
        ListNode pointer = head;

        int carry = 0;

        while (l1 != null && l2 != null) {

            int sum = l1.val + l2.val + carry;
            carry = sum / 10;

            pointer.next = new ListNode(sum % 10);
            pointer = pointer.next;
            l1 = l1.next;
            l2 = l2.next;
        }

        while (l1 != null) {
            int sum = l1.val + carry;
            carry = sum / 10;
            pointer.next = new ListNode(sum % 10);
            pointer = pointer.next;
            l1 = l1.next;
        }

        while (l2 != null) {
            int sum = l2.val + carry;
            carry = sum / 10;
            pointer.next = new ListNode(sum = sum % 10);
            pointer = pointer.next;
            l2 = l2.next;
        }

        if (carry != 0) {
            pointer.next = new ListNode(carry);
        }

        return head.next;
    }
    /**
     * @param l1: the first list
     * @param l2: the second list
     * @return: the sum list of l1 and l2
     */
    public ListNode addLists2(ListNode l1, ListNode l2) {
        l1 = reverse(l1);
        l2 = reverse(l2);

        return reverse(addLists(l1, l2));
    }
http://www.itdadao.com/articles/c15a668623p0.html
This changed the input
    public ListNode addTwoNumbers(ListNode l1, ListNode l2) {                
         if(l1 == null) return l2;
         if(l2 == null) return l1;
         
         int flag = 0;
         ListNode res = new ListNode(0);
         ListNode tmp = new ListNode(0);
         res = tmp;
           
         l1 = reverse(l1);
         l2 = reverse(l2);
           
         while(l1 != null || l2 != null){
             int a = l1 == null?0:l1.val;
             int b = l2 == null?0:l2.val;
             ListNode ss = new ListNode((a+b+flag)%10);
             flag = (a+b+flag) /10;
             tmp.next = ss;
             tmp = ss;
               
             l1 = l1 == null? null:l1.next;
             l2 = l2 == null? null:l2.next;
             
         }
        
         if(flag == 1){
             
             ListNode ss = new ListNode(1);
             tmp.next = ss;
             
         }                       
           return reverse(res.next);            
    }
    
    
    public ListNode reverse(ListNode l1){
        
        if(l1.next == null) return l1;
        
        ListNode p = new ListNode(0);
        ListNode q = new ListNode(0);
        
        p = l1;
        q = l1.next;
        p.next = null;
        
        while(q != null){            
            p = q;
            q = q.next;
            p.next = l1;
            l1 = p;            
        }        
       return l1;
    }
http://bookshadow.com/weblog/2016/10/29/leetcode-add-two-numbers-ii/
双指针(Two Pointers)
时间复杂度O(n),空间复杂度O(n),所用空间除保存最终结果外,没有额外开销
具体步骤如下:
1. 统计两链表长度s1, s2;最终结果链表长度s = max(s1, s2) (若有进位,则为s+1)

2. 将两链表对齐并逐节点求和,记头节点为h(头节点为dummy node,最高位从h.next开始)

3. 初始令指针p指向头节点h,执行循环:

    令指针q = p.next,重复向其下一节点移动,直到q为空或者q.val ≠ 9
    
    如果q.val > 9,说明p与q之间的所有节点需要进位,令p向q移动同时修改p.val
    
    否则,令p = q
def addTwoNumbers(self, l1, l2): """ :type l1: ListNode :type l2: ListNode :rtype: ListNode """ s1 = self.getSize(l1) s2 = self.getSize(l2) s = max(s1, s2) p = h = ListNode(0) while s: p.next = ListNode(0) p = p.next if s <= s1: p.val += l1.val l1 = l1.next if s <= s2: p.val += l2.val l2 = l2.next s -= 1 p = h while p: q = p.next while q and q.val == 9: q = q.next if q and q.val > 9: while p != q: p.val += 1 p = p.next p.val -= 10 else: p = q return h if h.val else h.next def getSize(self, h): c = 0 while h: c += 1 h = h.next return c

X. Use hashmap
https://discuss.leetcode.com/topic/65271/straightforward-o-n-java-solution-without-modifying-input-lists
    public ListNode addTwoNumbers(ListNode l1, ListNode l2) {
        
        HashMap<Integer, Integer> hm1 = new HashMap<>(); //Store the 'index' and the value of List1
        HashMap<Integer, Integer> hm2 = new HashMap<>(); //Store the 'index' and the value of List2
        int i = 1, j = 1;
        
        while(l1 != null){
            hm1.put(i, l1.val);
            l1 = l1.next;
            i++;
        }
        while(l2 != null){
            hm2.put(j, l2.val);
            l2 = l2.next;
            j++;
        }
        
        int carry = 0;
        i--; j--;
        ListNode head = null;
        
      //Create new nodes to the front of a new LinkedList
        while(i > 0 || j > 0 || carry > 0){

            int a = i > 0 ? hm1.get(i) : 0;
            int b = j > 0 ? hm2.get(j) : 0;
            int res = (a + b + carry) % 10;
            
            ListNode newNode = new ListNode(res);
            newNode.next = head;
            head = newNode;
            
            carry = (a + b + carry) / 10;
            i--; j--;
        }
        return head;
    }



No comments:

Post a Comment

Labels

GeeksforGeeks (1107) LeetCode (985) Algorithm (795) Review (759) to-do (631) LeetCode - Review (506) Classic Algorithm (324) Dynamic Programming (292) Classic Interview (288) Google Interview (242) Tree (145) POJ (139) Difficult Algorithm (132) LeetCode - Phone (127) EPI (125) Different Solutions (120) Bit Algorithms (118) Lintcode (113) Cracking Coding Interview (110) Smart Algorithm (109) Math (107) HackerRank (89) Binary Search (81) Binary Tree (80) Graph Algorithm (74) Greedy Algorithm (72) DFS (66) LeetCode - Extended (62) Interview Corner (61) Stack (60) List (58) Advanced Data Structure (56) Codility (54) BFS (53) ComProGuide (52) Algorithm Interview (50) Geometry Algorithm (48) Binary Search Tree (46) USACO (46) Trie (45) Mathematical Algorithm (42) ACM-ICPC (41) Interval (41) Data Structure (40) Knapsack (40) Space Optimization (40) Jobdu (39) Recursive Algorithm (39) LeetCode Hard (38) Matrix (38) String Algorithm (38) Backtracking (36) Codeforces (36) Introduction to Algorithms (36) Must Known (36) Beauty of Programming (35) Sort (35) Union-Find (34) Array (33) prismoskills (33) Segment Tree (32) Sliding Window (32) Data Structure Design (31) HDU (31) Google Code Jam (30) Permutation (30) Puzzles (30) Array O(N) (29) Company-Airbnb (29) Company-Zenefits (28) Microsoft 100 - July (28) Palindrome (28) to-do-must (28) Priority Queue (27) Random (27) Graph (26) Company - LinkedIn (25) GeeksQuiz (25) Logic Thinking (25) Pre-Sort (25) hihocoder (25) Queue (24) Company-Facebook (23) High Frequency (23) TopCoder (23) Algorithm Game (22) Hash (22) Post-Order Traverse (22) Binary Indexed Trees (21) Bisection Method (21) DFS + Review (21) Lintcode - Review (21) Brain Teaser (20) CareerCup (20) Company - Twitter (20) Merge Sort (20) Follow Up (19) O(N) (19) Time Complexity (19) Two Pointers (19) UVA (19) Ordered Stack (18) Probabilities (18) Company-Uber (17) Game Theory (17) Topological Sort (17) Codercareer (16) Heap (16) Shortest Path (16) String Search (16) Tree Traversal (16) itint5 (16) Difficult (15) Iterator (15) BST (14) Number (14) Number Theory (14) Amazon Interview (13) Basic Algorithm (13) Codechef (13) Euclidean GCD (13) KMP (13) Long Increasing Sequence(LIS) (13) Majority (13) mitbbs (13) Combination (12) Computational Geometry (12) LeetCode - Classic (12) Modify Tree (12) Reconstruct Tree (12) Reservoir Sampling (12) Reverse Thinking (12) 尺取法 (12) AOJ (11) DFS+Backtracking (11) Fast Power Algorithm (11) Graph DFS (11) LCA (11) LeetCode - DFS (11) Miscs (11) Princeton (11) Proof (11) Tree DP (11) X Sum (11) 挑战程序设计竞赛 (11) Bisection (10) Bucket Sort (10) Coin Change (10) Company - Microsoft (10) DFS+Cache (10) Facebook Hacker Cup (10) HackerRank Easy (10) O(1) Space (10) Rolling Hash (10) SPOJ (10) Theory (10) Tutorialhorizon (10) DP-Multiple Relation (9) DP-Space Optimization (9) Divide and Conquer (9) Kadane - Extended (9) Mathblog (9) Max-Min Flow (9) Prefix Sum (9) Quick Sort (9) Simulation (9) Stack Overflow (9) Stock (9) System Design (9) TreeMap (9) Use XOR (9) Book Notes (8) Bottom-Up (8) Company-Amazon (8) DFS+BFS (8) LeetCode - DP (8) Left and Right Array (8) Linked List (8) Longest Common Subsequence(LCS) (8) Prime (8) Suffix Tree (8) Tech-Queries (8) Traversal Once (8) 穷竭搜索 (8) Algorithm Problem List (7) Expression (7) Facebook Interview (7) Fibonacci Numbers (7) Game Nim (7) Graph BFS (7) HackerRank Difficult (7) Hackerearth (7) Interval Tree (7) Inversion (7) Kadane’s Algorithm (7) Level Order Traversal (7) Math-Divisible (7) Probability DP (7) Quick Select (7) Radix Sort (7) n00tc0d3r (7) 蓝桥杯 (7) Catalan Number (6) Classic Data Structure Impl (6) DFS+DP (6) DP - Tree (6) DP-Print Solution (6) Dijkstra (6) Dutch Flag (6) How To (6) Interviewstreet (6) Knapsack - MultiplePack (6) Manacher (6) Minimum Spanning Tree (6) Morris Traversal (6) Multiple Data Structures (6) One Pass (6) Programming Pearls (6) Pruning (6) Rabin-Karp (6) Randomized Algorithms (6) Sampling (6) Schedule (6) Stream (6) Suffix Array (6) Threaded (6) TreeSet (6) Xpost (6) reddit (6) AI (5) Algorithm - Brain Teaser (5) Art Of Programming-July (5) Big Data (5) Brute Force (5) Code Kata (5) Codility-lessons (5) Coding (5) Company - WMware (5) Convex Hull (5) Crazyforcode (5) Cycle (5) DP-Include vs Exclude (5) Fast Slow Pointers (5) Graph Cycle (5) Hash Strategy (5) Immutability (5) Java (5) Matrix Chain Multiplication (5) Maze (5) Microsoft Interview (5) Pre-Sum (5) Quadtrees (5) Quick Partition (5) Quora (5) SPFA(Shortest Path Faster Algorithm) (5) Subarray Sum (5) Sudoku (5) Sweep Line (5) Word Search (5) jiuzhang (5) 单调栈 (5) 树形DP (5) 1point3acres (4) Abbreviation (4) Anagram (4) Anagrams (4) Approximate Algorithm (4) Backtracking-Include vs Exclude (4) Brute Force - Enumeration (4) Chess Game (4) Consistent Hash (4) Distributed (4) Eulerian Cycle (4) Find Rule (4) Flood fill (4) Graph-Classic (4) HackerRank AI (4) Histogram (4) Kadane Max Sum (4) Knapsack - Mixed (4) Knapsack - Unbounded (4) LeetCode - Recursive (4) LeetCode - TODO (4) MST (4) MinMax (4) N Queens (4) Nerd Paradise (4) Parallel Algorithm (4) Practical Algorithm (4) Probability (4) Programcreek (4) Spell Checker (4) Stock Maximize (4) Subset Sum (4) Subsets (4) Symbol Table (4) Triangle (4) Water Jug (4) algnotes (4) fgdsb (4) to-do-2 (4) 最大化最小值 (4) A Star (3) Algorithm - How To (3) Algorithm Design (3) B Tree (3) Big Data Algorithm (3) Caterpillar Method (3) Coins (3) Company - Groupon (3) Company - Indeed (3) Cumulative Sum (3) DP-Fill by Length (3) DP-Two Variables (3) Dedup (3) Dequeue (3) Dropbox (3) Easy (3) Finite Automata (3) Github (3) GoLang (3) Graph - Bipartite (3) Include vs Exclude (3) Joseph (3) Jump Game (3) K (3) Knapsack-多重背包 (3) LeetCode - Bit (3) Linked List Merge Sort (3) LogN (3) Master Theorem (3) Min Cost Flow (3) Minesweeper (3) Missing Numbers (3) NP Hard (3) O(N) Hard (3) Online Algorithm (3) Pascal's Triangle (3) Pattern Match (3) Project Euler (3) Rectangle (3) Scala (3) SegmentFault (3) Shuffle (3) Sieve of Eratosthenes (3) Stack - Smart (3) State Machine (3) Subtree (3) Transform Tree (3) Trie + DFS (3) Two Pointers Window (3) Warshall Floyd (3) With Random Pointer (3) Word Ladder (3) bookkeeping (3) codebytes (3) Activity Selection Problem (2) Advanced Algorithm (2) AnAlgorithmADay (2) Application of Algorithm (2) Array Merge (2) BOJ (2) BT - Path Sum (2) Balanced Binary Search Tree (2) Bellman Ford (2) Binary Search - Smart (2) Binomial Coefficient (2) Bit Counting (2) Bit Mask (2) Bit-Difficult (2) Bloom Filter (2) Book Coding Interview (2) Branch and Bound Method (2) Clock (2) Codesays (2) Company - Baidu (2) Company-Snapchat (2) Complete Binary Tree (2) DFS+BFS, Flood Fill (2) DP - DFS (2) DP-3D Table (2) DP-Classical (2) DP-Output Solution (2) DP-Slide Window Gap (2) DP-i-k-j (2) DP-树形 (2) Distributed Algorithms (2) Divide and Conqure (2) Doubly Linked List (2) Edit Distance (2) Factor (2) Forward && Backward Scan (2) GoHired (2) Graham Scan (2) Graph BFS+DFS (2) Graph Coloring (2) Graph-Cut Vertices (2) Hamiltonian Cycle (2) Huffman Tree (2) In-order Traverse (2) Include or Exclude Last Element (2) Information Retrieval (2) Interview - Linkedin (2) Invariant (2) Islands (2) Linked Interview (2) Linked List Sort (2) Longest SubArray (2) Lucene-Solr (2) Math-Remainder Queue (2) Matrix Power (2) Median (2) Minimum Vertex Cover (2) Negative All Values (2) Number Each Digit (2) Numerical Method (2) Object Design (2) Order Statistic Tree (2) Parent-Only Tree (2) Parentheses (2) Parser (2) Peak (2) Programming (2) Range Minimum Query (2) Regular Expression (2) Return Multiple Values (2) Reuse Forward Backward (2) Robot (2) Rosettacode (2) Scan from right (2) Search (2) SimHash (2) Simple Algorithm (2) Skyline (2) Spatial Index (2) Strongly Connected Components (2) Summary (2) TV (2) Tile (2) Traversal From End (2) Tree Sum (2) Tree Traversal Return Multiple Values (2) Word Break (2) Word Graph (2) Word Trie (2) Yahoo Interview (2) Young Tableau (2) 剑指Offer (2) 数位DP (2) 1-X (1) 51Nod (1) Akka (1) Algorithm - New (1) Algorithm Series (1) Algorithms Part I (1) Analysis of Algorithm (1) Array-Element Index Negative (1) Array-Rearrange (1) Augmented BST (1) Auxiliary Array (1) Auxiliary Array: Inc&Dec (1) BACK (1) BK-Tree (1) BZOJ (1) Basic (1) Bayes (1) Beauty of Math (1) Big Integer (1) Big Number (1) Binary (1) Binary Sarch Tree (1) Binary String (1) Binary Tree Variant (1) Bipartite (1) Bit-Missing Number (1) BitMap (1) BitMap index (1) BitSet (1) Bug Free Code (1) BuildIt (1) C/C++ (1) CC Interview (1) Cache (1) Calculate Height at Same Recusrion (1) Cartesian tree (1) Check Tree Property (1) Chinese (1) Circular Buffer (1) Cloest (1) Clone (1) Code Quality (1) Codesolutiony (1) Company - Alibaba (1) Company - Palantir (1) Company - WalmartLabs (1) Company-Apple (1) Company-Epic (1) Company-Salesforce (1) Company-Yelp (1) Compression Algorithm (1) Concurrency (1) Cont Improvement (1) Convert BST to DLL (1) Convert DLL to BST (1) Custom Sort (1) Cyclic Replacement (1) DFS-Matrix (1) DP - Probability (1) DP Fill Diagonal First (1) DP-Difficult (1) DP-End with 0 or 1 (1) DP-Fill Diagonal First (1) DP-Graph (1) DP-Left and Right Array (1) DP-MaxMin (1) DP-Memoization (1) DP-Node All Possibilities (1) DP-Optimization (1) DP-Preserve Previous Value (1) DP-Print All Solution (1) Database (1) Detect Negative Cycle (1) Diagonal (1) Directed Graph (1) Do Two Things at Same Recusrion (1) Domino (1) Dr Dobb's (1) Duplicate (1) Equal probability (1) External Sort (1) FST (1) Failure Function (1) Fraction (1) Front End Pointers (1) Funny (1) Fuzzy String Search (1) Game (1) Generating Function (1) Generation (1) Genetic algorithm (1) GeoHash (1) Geometry - Orientation (1) Google APAC (1) Graph But No Graph (1) Graph Transpose (1) Graph Traversal (1) Graph-Coloring (1) Graph-Longest Path (1) Gray Code (1) HOJ (1) Hanoi (1) Hard Algorithm (1) How Hash (1) How to Test (1) Improve It (1) In Place (1) Inorder-Reverse Inorder Traverse Simultaneously (1) Interpolation search (1) Interview (1) Interview - Facebook (1) Isomorphic (1) JDK8 (1) K Dimensional Tree (1) Knapsack - Fractional (1) Knapsack - ZeroOnePack (1) Knight (1) Knuth Shuffle (1) Kosaraju’s algorithm (1) Kruskal (1) Kth Element (1) Least Common Ancestor (1) LeetCode - Binary Tree (1) LeetCode - Coding (1) LeetCode - Detail (1) LeetCode - Related (1) Linked List Reverse (1) Linkedin (1) Linkedin Interview (1) Local MinMax (1) Logic Pattern (1) Longest Common Subsequence (1) Longest Common Substring (1) Longest Prefix Suffix(LPS) (1) Machine Learning (1) Maintain State (1) Manhattan Distance (1) Map && Reverse Map (1) Math - Induction (1) Math-Multiply (1) Math-Sum Of Digits (1) Matrix - O(N+M) (1) Matrix BFS (1) Matrix Graph (1) Matrix Search (1) Matrix+DP (1) Matrix-Rotate (1) Max Min So Far (1) Memory-Efficient (1) MinHash (1) MinMax Heap (1) Monotone Queue (1) Monto Carlo (1) Multi-End BFS (1) Multi-Reverse (1) Multiple DFS (1) Multiple Tasks (1) Next Element (1) Next Successor (1) Offline Algorithm (1) PAT (1) Parenthesis (1) Partition (1) Path Finding (1) Patience Sort (1) Persistent (1) Pigeon Hole Principle (1) Power Set (1) Pratical Algorithm (1) PreProcess (1) Probabilistic Data Structure (1) Python (1) Queue & Stack (1) RSA (1) Ranking (1) Rddles (1) ReHash (1) Realtime (1) Recurrence Relation (1) Recursive DFS (1) Recursive to Iterative (1) Red-Black Tree (1) Region (1) Resources (1) Reverse Inorder Traversal (1) Robin (1) Selection (1) Self Balancing BST (1) Similarity (1) Sort && Binary Search (1) Square (1) Streaming Algorithm (1) String Algorithm. Symbol Table (1) String DP (1) String Distance (1) SubMatrix (1) Subsequence (1) System of Difference Constraints(差分约束系统) (1) TSP (1) Ternary Search Tree (1) Test (1) Test Cases (1) Thread (1) TimSort (1) Top-Down (1) Tournament (1) Tournament Tree (1) Transform Tree in Place (1) Tree Diameter (1) Tree Rotate (1) Tree Without Tree Predefined (1) Trie and Heap (1) Trie vs Hash (1) Trie vs HashMap (1) Triplet (1) Two Data Structures (1) Two Stacks (1) USACO - Classical (1) USACO - Problems (1) UyHiP (1) Valid Tree (1) Vector (1) Virtual Matrix (1) Wiggle Sort (1) Wikipedia (1) ZOJ (1) ZigZag (1) baozitraining (1) codevs (1) cos126 (1) javabeat (1) jum (1) namic Programming (1) sqrt(N) (1) 两次dijkstra (1) 九度 (1) 二进制枚举 (1) 夹逼法 (1) 归一化 (1) 折半枚举 (1) 枚举 (1) 状态压缩DP (1) 男人八题 (1) 英雄会 (1) 逆向思维 (1)

Popular Posts