Sunday, May 15, 2016

Positive Iterator


given an IntegerIterator (which implements hasNext, next, remove),
implement a PositiveIterator that has hasNext, next, remove
Solution:
The key point is when we calling HasNext(), we must using integer iterator to try to get next positive
element, and after getting the next positive element, we must store it somewhere. So that if we keep
calling HasNext() won't affect the result of calling Next().
We can store the next positive to an integer variable prev, each time when calling HasNext(),
we firstly check prev, if prev>0, directly return true. When calling Next(),
we also firstly check prev by calling HasNext(), then return the value of prev and set prev to -1 again.
*/

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

//Suppose this is an working integer iterator
public class IntegerIterator{
private int[] array;
private int index;
public IntegerIterator(int[] a){
this.array = a;
index = 0;
}
//check if there is next integer
public bool HasNext(){
if(index>array.Length-1)
return false;
return true;
}

//return next integer
public int Next(){
if(index>array.Length-1)
throw new ArgumentException("no next element!");
int res = array[index];
index++;
return res;
}

//remove last integer returned by iterator
public void Remove(){
if(index==0)
throw new ArgumentException("no element to remove!");
List<int> list = new List<int>(array);
list.RemoveAt(index-1);
array = list.ToArray();
}

}


public class PositiveIterator{
private IntegerIterator iter;
private int prev; //hold the previous positive number
public PositiveIterator(IntegerIterator i){
this.iter = i;
prev = -1;
}

//check if there is next positive integer
public bool HasNext(){
if(prev>0)  //first look up prev
return true;
while(iter.HasNext()){
prev = iter.Next();
if(prev>0)
return true;
}
return false;
}

//return next positive integer
public int Next(){
// if(prev>0){
// int num = prev;
// prev = -1;
// return num;
// }
if(HasNext()){ //will firstly check prev in HasNext()
int num = prev;
prev = -1;
return num;
}
throw new ArgumentException("no next positive number!");
}

//remove last returned positive integer
public void Remove(){
if(prev<0)
iter.Remove();
else
throw new Exception("can't remove!");
}
}

https://discuss.leetcode.com/topic/117/custom-iterator-for-a-given-list
Implement a custom Iterator for a given ArrayList.
for example

for the given list implement an Iterator which will provide with elements which are greater than 5
List = {2,3,5,12,13,4}

so the custom iterator itr should work as:

itr.hasNext(): true;
itr.next(): 12;
itr.next(): 13;
itr.hasNext(): false;
public class CustomerIterator implements Iterator<Integer>{

private Iterator<Intgeger> listI;
private int num;
private int current;

public CustomerIterator(List<Integer> list, int num){
listI = list.iteraot();
this.num = num;
                this. current = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
}

public boolean hasNext(){
while(listI.hasNext() && cur <= num){
cur = listI.next();
}
if(cur > num) return true;
return false;
}

public int next(){
            if(hasNext()){
               int temp = current;
               current = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
               return temp;
            }
           throw Exception 
}
}


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